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The National Academies

NCHRP 20-102 [Active]

Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies--Task-Order Support

  Project Data
Funds: $2,000,000 ($1M each from FY 2015 & FY 2016)
Staff Responsibility: B. Ray Derr
Research Agency: Booz Allen Hamilton, Kimley-Horn and Associates, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
Principal Investigator: Christopher Hill, Douglas Gettman, Christopher Poe, Myra Blanco (respectively)

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

The objectives of NCHRP Project 20-102 are to (1) identify critical issues associated with connected vehicles and automated vehicles that state and local transportation agencies and AASHTO will face, (2) conduct research to address those issues, and (3) conduct related technology transfer and information exchange activities.

NCHRP Project 20-24(98) has developed a draft research roadmap for addressing CV/AV issues. The panel for NCHRP Project 20-102 is responsible for maintaining this roadmap and will be selecting tasks from it to carry out. Tasks may be rescoped, added, or deleted from the roadmap at the discretion of the panel. Tasks currently underway are listed at the bottom of this page and the NCHRP 20-102 panel will be meeting in July 2015 to select additional projects.

BACKGROUND

Connected vehicle technologies are being developed to enable safe, interoperable networked wireless communications among vehicles (V2V), the infrastructure (V2I), and travelers’ personal communication devices (V2X). These technologies are intended to reduce highway crashes; provide data for assessing the performance of the transportation system; provide continual access to accurate information on the operation of the system to travelers; and reduce unnecessary stops, delays, and emissions.
 
Automated vehicle technologies are also under development that will significantly change fundamental planning, design, and operational characteristics for the road network. Some industry leaders expect that Level 4 vehicle automation (under NHTSA and SAE definitions) will be available on the market by 2018. Fully autonomous, driverless vehicles (SAE Level 5 automation) could be on the market by 2025.
 
For Level 5 automation, “the vehicle is designed to perform all safety-critical driving functions and monitor roadway conditions for an entire trip. Such a design anticipates that the driver will provide destination or navigation input, but is not expected to be available for control at any time during the trip.” (NHTSA, Preliminary Statement of Policy Concerning Automated Vehicles) Level 4 automation is essentially the same as Level 5, without any driver supervision (e.g., there is no expectation that the driver will be engaged), over a limited driving domain. These vehicles may be safer than current models.
 
Connected vehicles and automated vehicles are essentially different technologies, though some of the challenges they present to transportation agencies will be similar. These two technologies may converge or diverge from each other based largely on developments in the private sector (e.g., vehicle manufacturers, third-party vendors). While some actors envision a completely autonomous vehicle that does not require communication with other entities, others see serendipities between the two technologies. This project will address both technologies (including the combination) under the umbrella term of CV/AV. The individual tasks that compose the project will clearly identify which technologies are to be addressed.  

TASK-ORDER SUPPORT
 
A request for statements of qualifications was active from December 11, 2014 to January 29, 2015. Four task-order contracts have been executed. For the individual tasks selected by the NCHRP Project 20-102 panel (listed below), the selected task-order contractors will be asked to submit competitive proposals that will be evaluated by a separate panel for each task. These task panels will also oversee the contractor's work.

During the course of the contract, task-order contractors will be expected to submit quarterly progress reports that include: (1) brief status reports on tasks currently underway (including a table of milestones and deliverables, significant findings, a description of any problems encountered, and recommended solutions to such problems); (2) summary of significant events in the CV and AV industries that may affect the research roadmap; and (3) recommendations for updates to the research roadmap.
 
The NCHRP will decide in Summer 2017 whether to readvertise for task-order contractors or to extend the ones that are in place.

LISTING OF TASKS
 

20-102(01) Policy and Planning Actions to Internalize Societal Impacts of CV and AV Systems into Market Decisions

20-102(02) Impacts of Regulations and Policies on CV and AV Technology Introduction in Transit Operations

20-102(03) Challenges to CV and AV Application in Truck Freight Operations

20-102(05) Strategic Communications Plan for NCHRP Project 20-102

20-102(06) Road Markings for Machine Vision

20-102(07) Implications of Automation for Motor Vehicle Codes

20-102(08) Dedicating Lanes for Priority or Exclusive Use by CVs and AVs

20-102(09) Providing Support to the Introduction of CV/AV Impacts into Regional Transportation Planning and Modeling Tools

20-102(10) Cybersecurity Implications of CV/AV Technologies on State and Local Transportation Agencies

20-102(11) Summary of Existing Studies on the Effects of CV/AV on Travel Demand

20-102(12) Business Models to Facilitate Deployment of CV Infrastructure to Support AV Operations

20-102(13) Planning Data Needs and Collection Techniques for CV/AV Applications

20-102(14) Data Management Strategies for CV/AV Applications for Operations

20-102(15) Understanding the Impacts of the Physical Highway Infrastructure Caused By the Increased Prevalence of Advanced Vehicle Technologies

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