The objective of this research is to provide information and guidance for decision-makers at DOTs (including for this research state transportation agencies, sub-state and multi-state entities, infrastructure owners and operators, and the like) on (1) the issues influencing investment in connected-vehicle (CV) infrastructure (including both vehicle-to-infrastructure and infrastructure-to-vehicle—V2I and I2V—communication), the potential public and private benefits and costs of CV infrastructure investment, and the potential impact of such investment on automated-vehicle (AV) deployment; (2) business cases to be made, in financial and economic terms, for investments in CV infrastructure; and (3) the methods and data any particular DOT may use to develop, evaluate, and effectively present a business case for such investment if justified by the agency’s specific situation. The research should use and build on previous work as appropriate, and should include consideration of how data requirements and methodological limitations may influence business-case risks and communication with stakeholders about a business case.
The research team will conduct research and development activities to deliver the following products:
1. Kickoff teleconference meeting with the NCHRP project panel and staff to discuss the issues to be addressed in this research, the likely value and use of research results, and the characteristics of guidance to be produced. The discussions will be documented in a technical memorandum.
2. Interim Report 1 (IR1) analyzing private and public interests in development and deployment of CV infrastructure, how those interests overlap or diverge in various market settings, and issues influencing these interests such as security, privacy, and intellectual-property management. A draft of IR1 shall be submitted for NCHRP review and revised to address review comments. Approval of revised IR1 will be required before work proceeds on subsequent interim reports.
3. In-person workshop to present preliminary descriptions of exemplary or representative business cases for CV infrastructure investment, solicit commentary from workshop participants that may be used to enhance the cases’ value to the primary audience for guidance to be produced in this research, and verify the range of application scenarios for which guidance is likely to be useful. The research team will document workshop discussions in a technical memorandum.
4. Interim Report 2 (IR2) presenting descriptions of exemplary or representative business cases for CV infrastructure investments, analyzing the potential benefits and costs of such investments in typical market settings, and describing opportunities and constraints DOTs may have to address in adapting each case to their own particular market situation.
5. Interim Report 3 (IR3) describing the methods and sources of data that a DOT may use to develop a business case for CV infrastructure investment suited to the DOT’s particular market conditions and investment objectives. The methods are to be suitable for adapting a representative business case presented in IR2 or developing a novel case motivated by particular characteristics of the DOT’s economic and regulatory environment.
6. Final Report and Guidance presenting guidance to assist DOTs in development of business cases for CV infrastructure investment, incorporating the results of preceding interim documents and summarizing the research. The report and guidance are to be suitable for publication by NCHRP.