The National Academies

NCHRP 20-102(11) [Completed]

Mobility-on-Demand and Automated Driving Systems: A Framework for Public-Sector Assessment
[ NCHRP 20-102 (Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies--Task-Order Support) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $300,000
Research Agency: Booz-Allen & Hamilton
Principal Investigator: Susan Shaneen
Effective Date: 5/17/2018
Completion Date: 9/30/2020
Comments: Publication pending as NCHRP Research Report 1009 and NCHRP Web-Only Document 331; publication expected Fall 2022.


Publication decision pending

A wide variety of mobility-on-demand (MOD) services have developed and proliferated in recent years. They include carsharing, bikesharing, microtransit, transportation network companies (TNCs), and many others. Public agencies and governments are being approached by MOD providers and must determine whether and under what circumstances (including regulations) these services should be encouraged or allowed in their jurisdictions. Community expectations can bring significant pressure on the public sector for expedited approval.

At the same time, automated driving systems (ADS) are becoming more available in all modes of transportation and have potentially revolutionary implications throughout the transportation system. Where MOD is a key enabler of disruptive changes in transportation across all modes (surface, air, and maritime), the convergence of ADS and MOD looks to enable further disruption in both passenger and freight transportation. Accelerated and dynamic research approaches are needed to help close the gap between technological development, public policy-making activity, and deployment.
MOD and ADS are continually evolving and market penetration rates will be inconsistent among regions. Many agencies lack the expertise, resources, and tools to perform evaluations of MOD services or to thoroughly assess propositions. A consistent framework is needed so that potential impacts on transportation policy are considered and alternative approaches can be compared.
The objective of this research was to establish a framework to assess the effects of MOD services and ADS on transportation demand and supply and the broader economic and societal ecosystem. The framework developed with the intent of informing relevant standards development organizations.

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