Extreme weather events, natural disasters, wildfires, and the COVID-19 pandemic have brought the vulnerability of critical infrastructure systems in United States into sharp focus. These events have demonstrated that airport professionals need new approaches to plan for and invest in resilience. The U.S. military has established resilience requirements for domestic installations and Congress has created new programs such as the Defense Critical Infrastructure Program to make investments in community infrastructure that supports military missions. A number of different military organizations, such as the Air National Guard (ANG), are co-located at civilian airports across the U.S. There is a natural partnership opportunity between airports and National Guard units to craft resilience strategies in partnership and pursue federal funding. There are also clear opportunities for airports to learn from military resilience practices more broadly - whether or not they host military units.
OBJECTIVE & AUDIENCE
The objective of this research is to document resiliency practices and processes from the National Guard and other military services that airports can adapt and leverage for their own facilities and in partnerships with co-located military facilities. The audience for this research is primarily airport operators with co-located military units, but also civilian airports, military units, and other stakeholders.
INFORMATION TO BE GATHERED & TASKS
Information to be described in a concise report:
• National Guard and other military services applicable resilience policies, practices, processes, requirements, and approaches.
• Provide examples where:
o opportunities for military and civilian partnerships that leveraged unique military capabilities including, but not limited to, in-kind services, acquisitions, collaborations, etc. (e.g. Military Construction Cooperative Agreements).
o partnerships supported, planned or ongoing military capital investments.
o partnerships that position airports, National Guard units, and other military services to pursue community resilience funding, including but not limited to the Defense Critical Infrastructure Program or other programs available from the Department of Defense.
• Document various funding sources, non-traditional revenue streams, and the project prioritization that contributes to airport community resilience.
• Document airport community military relationships that support the resiliency of airports.
Tasks will include the following:
1. Review literature related to military policies and programs (e.g. Air Force Policy Directive 90-17)
2. Conduct interviews with military staff responsible for acquisitions, resilience, and facility investments.
3. Conduct interviews with applicable government program offices responsible for resilience planning and funding.
4. Documenting case examples of resilience partnerships between military and civilian entities.
Partial Information Sources:
ACRP Synthesis 91, Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit, 2019 https://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/177928.aspx
Ciuică, Oliver; Dragomir, Christian; Pușcă, Bogdan. Safety culture model in military aviation organisation. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport, Volume 108, 2020, pp 15-25 https://trid.trb.org/view/1736423
Ehlert, Alex M; Wilson, Patrick B. A Systematic Review of Stimulant Use in Civilian and Military Aviation. The International Journal of Aerospace Psychology, Volume 31, Issue 3, 2021, pp 198-218 https://trid.trb.org/view/1861676
Kozuba, Janusz; Sarnowski, Witold. Logistical processes in military aviation organizations. Scientific Journal of Silesian University of Technology. Series Transport, Volume 94, 2017, pp 75-88 https://trid.trb.org/view/1465142
Rickerson, Wilson; Wu, Michael. Beyond the Fence Line: Strengthening Military Capabilities through Energy Resilience Partnerships. Association of Defense Communities. Pub date Nov. 1, 2018.
Harry Barrett, Palm Springs International Airport
Silvana Croope, University of Alabama
Abe Forney, Rosecrans Memorial Airport
Rebecca Hupp, Boise Airport
Col. Mark Ruehter, 139th Mission Support Group Commander
Tom Williams, Meridian Regional Airport
Neal Wolfe, Environmental Science Associates