The National Academies

ACRP Synthesis 11-03/Topic S02-22 [Active (Synthesis)]

Airport Programs that Reduce Landside Vehicle Carbon Emissions
[ ACRP 11-03 (Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Staff Responsibility: Jordan Christensen
Research Agency: InterVISTAS
Principal Investigator: Peter Mandle
Fiscal Year: 2021

Final Scope


Emissions from surface traffic can be a substantial portion of the carbon emissions at an airport. Traditional transportation demand management tools, such as encouraging increased transit use, often have limited effect. Airports may have innovative ways to reduce carbon: for example, by establishing fee incentives for low-emitting shuttles, introducing access fees at the curb to reduce or divert passenger trips, or subsidize transit passes for employees. However, introducing or changing programs may have implications for provider contractual agreements, operator parity, passenger behavior, passenger demand, modal share, travel patterns, non-aeronautical revenues, and social equity. Although the topic is complex and potentially controversial, the urgency of climate change drives a need to gain knowledge as soon as possible.



The objective of this research is to provide information on the use of airport programs or initiatives that reduce carbon emissions from vehicles accessing the airport. The audiences for this research are airport landside and ground transportation, finance and business development, planning and engineering, and environmental departments. 



Tasks and resulting information to describe in a concise report:

·       Conduct a literature review.

·       Document airport programs or initiatives at US and international airports that influence carbon emissions.

·       Identify types of internal and external funding mechanisms that support advancement towards sustainability.

·       Conduct interviews with multiple airports to understand their programs and initiatives, fee structures, innovative practices, how carbon reduction influenced their fees, lessons learned and resulting practices, and (if available) data to illustrate issues and outcomes. Include impacts on revenue, changing traffic patterns, and social equity in the discussions.

·       Provide at least four case studies of airport programs or initiatives, including at least one international airport.

·       Describe further research needs to close gaps in knowledge.


Partial Information Sources

ACRP Synthesis 89, Clean Vehicles, Fuels, and Practices for Airport Private Ground Transportation Providers 2018 https://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/177868.aspx


ACRP Research Report 225, Rethinking Airport Parking Facilities to Protect and Enhance Non-Aeronautical Revenue, 2019 https://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/181748.aspx 


Chao, Hsun; Agusdinata, Datu Buyung; DeLaurentis, Daniel; Stechel, Ellen B. Carbon offsetting and reduction scheme with sustainable aviation fuel options: Fleet-level carbon emissions impacts for U.S. airlines. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 75, Issue 0, 2019, pp 42-56 https://trid.trb.org/view/1648532


Hájek, Miroslav; Zimmermannová, Jarmila; Helman, Karel. Environmental efficiency of economic instruments in transport in EU countries. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 100, Issue 0, 2021, 103054 https://trid.trb.org/view/1881826


Ma, Wenliang; Zhang, Yahua; Cui, Jinhua. Chinese future frequent flyers’ willingness to pay for carbon emissions reduction. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 97, Issue 0, 2021, 102935 https://trid.trb.org/view/1858528


Nyamdorj, Bolormaa; Anaka, Wayne; Stoica, Andrei; Sushant, Sushant; Ortega, Joshua; Helm, Brittney; Moreira, Paula. Carbon Neutrality, Reduction and Offset-Aviation Solutions in the 21st Century. SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2021, pp 1293-1306 https://trid.trb.org/view/1859085


Ugirumurera, Juliette; Severino, Joseph; Ficenec, Karen; Ge, Yanbo; Wang, Qichao; Williams, Lindy; Chae, Junghoon; Lunacek, Monte; Phillips, Caleb. A modeling framework for designing and evaluating curbside traffic management policies at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 153, Issue 0, 2021, pp 130-150



Wang, Yuan; Zhang, Yu. Impacts of Automated Vehicles on Airport Landside Terminal Planning, Design, and Operations. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Volume 2673, Issue 10, 2019, pp 443-454 https://trid.trb.org/view/1602180


Topic Panel

Thomas Anderson, Edina, MN

Peter Carbonaro, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Brian Kramer, City & County of Denver

Lewison Lem, Port of Portland

Kristian Wade, Salt Lake City Department of Airports

Amanda Woodin, Kalamazoo/Battle Creek International Airport

Aneil Patel, ACI-NA




Peter Mandle, InterVISTAS Consulting




TRB Staff

Jordan Christensen





First Panel Meeting: Tuesday, March 8th, 2022
Teleconference: Wednesday April 13th 2:30pm eastern
Workplan Delivered:
Comments Due (Email):
Draft Report Delivered
Second Panel Meeting: October 14, 2022 




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