The National Academies

ACRP Synthesis 11-03/Topic S01-21 [Active (Synthesis)]

Successful Arts Programs at Airports
[ ACRP 11-03 (Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Authorization to Begin Work: 6/15/2019 -- estimated
Staff Responsibility: Gail R. Staba
Research Agency: Midwest Airport Consultants
Principal Investigator: Timothy R Karaskiewicz
Fiscal Year: 2019

Final Scope

Engaging experiences are what airport travelers desire. Happy and engaged passengers spend more money while awaiting their flights.  The arts are becoming a crucial component of airports around the world as a gateway to the city.  As airports are often a reflection of a city’s cultural image, arts and culture are a vital presence and can provide a sense of place and tell a visual story about the region.   Increasing specialized expertise through the use of art curators, arts administrators, and subject matter experts is needed to oversee the professionalism, success and operational risk management of arts programs at airports. 

As the global economy grows and security concerns multiply, traveling through and waiting at airports is now a common experience for more and more travelers. According to Airport Council International (ACI), passenger traffic at airports worldwide is expected to more than double to 14 billion by 2029. With US airports expanding, renovating and reconstructing to accommodate expected growth, airport operators have an opportunity to shape and enhance passengers’ experience by curating and introducing culturally rich and meaningful art experiences through visual and performing arts in public airport spaces.

Cultural, educational, and aesthetic experiences are essential to the airport environment as a community hub.  These experiences offer tangible and well-studied benefits, including, among others:

• Improving the overall travel experience. As ACRP Report 109, Improving Terminal Design to Increase Revenue Generation Related to Customer Satisfaction, found, “travelers appear to value the relaxation afforded by cultural offerings, which may reduce stress.”
• Exposing travelers to local cultural and environmental riches, which can increase visibility of the artists.
• Expanding community goodwill and partnerships.
• Fostering business, economic development, and tourism opportunities in the region by identifying the region as a center for creative economy.

There are few resources for airport managers and program managers to learn about benefits and challenges of airport arts programs. The objective of this report is to understand why airports develop arts programs, describe the benefits and challenges, present existing successful models and partnerships, identify costs and funding sources, and offer practical tools and guidance for airports of all sizes.  The audiences for this resource are airport executives, arts staffs, and stakeholders; government leaders; and community and arts stakeholders.
This synthesis of practice will document the current state of the practice and provide an overview of resources and tools available to help airports of all sizes develop and implement successful arts programming.  The research shall gather and compile literature and data in a concise report.  Data of interest includes, but is not limited to:
• Documentation regarding why airports pursue art programs, including value and benefits.
• Information on benefits and challenges of arts programming at airports
• Successful partnerships among airports and artists, cultural organizations, and other subject matter experts
• Processes airports have used to introduce arts programming at various stages (e.g., as part of renovations, expansions, new construction, city initiatives, special events, etc.).
• Additional practices of interest include but are not limited to:
o Investment in visual culture:  governance, funding models, staffing
o Budget, curatorial practice, media focus, permanent and/or rotating exhibits, benchmarks, preparation and storage, exhibit space, infrastructure required in exhibit space, placement, security and insurance, approval processes, advisory committees, selection panel practices, conservation and maintenance.

• Appendix materials such as airport exhibit policies; arts master plans; agreements with local organizations for curation and interpretation; contracts; loan documents; pre-installation checklists; press releases; brochures, promotional tools and branding; installation schedules and timelines; didactics; cost sheets for art installations; conservation documents; and other useful tools.
At least 15 airport arts programs descriptions resulting from in- depth interviews of varying sized airports are envisioned.  Potential airports include: 
This research intends to focus on airport terminal arts programs and not on-airport museums. 

Partial Information Sources

         Hou, X. F., & Zhao, J. B. (2014) Study on design of airports. Vol. 584-586. Applied Mechanics and Materials (pp. 56-59). https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84905192229&doi=10.4028%2fwww.scientific.net%2fAMM.584-586.56&partnerID=40&md5=5222c5f03e6bbac3383d4c1a2d059b07
Sun, J., & Li, Z. G. (2014) Study on subway public art based on space atmosphere- A case study of Xi'an subway public art and design. Vol. 641-642. Applied Mechanics and Materials (pp. 658-661). https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84914693397&doi=10.4028%2fwww.scientific.net%2fAMM.641-642.658&partnerID=40&md5=70fcfaf5c0aa22f9defb1a5dbb681303
Kreyling, C. (2015). When arts and culture take center stage. Planning, 81(10), 21-25. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84962103846&partnerID=40&md5=eb2c9d772f96399eaf0faa6843ce317e
Wakeland, R. G. (2015). Plant form sculpture at transit hubs, 1991-2010. International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics, 10(1), 10-20. doi:10.2495/DNE-V10-N1-10-20 https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84955495764&doi=10.2495%2fDNE-V10-N1-10-20&partnerID=40&md5=92cba07f06deb5ace221fcda0f1aaf61
De Risi, A., & Prevedini, P. (2016). NAPOLI underground. Paper presented at the ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2016, WTC 2016. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84976448025&partnerID=40&md5=ea4670c48527600a6029814ad7610f91
Haedicke, S. C. (2016). Interrupting a legacy of hatred: Friches Théâtre Urbain's Lieu Commun. Research in Drama Education, 21(2), 161-175. doi:10.1080/13569783.2016.1155409 https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84969916681&doi=10.1080%2f13569783.2016.1155409&partnerID=40&md5=80a27113c899b677797cc2b6063ddd72
Kafer, G. (2016). Reimagining resistance: Performing transparency and anonymity in surveillance art. Surveillance and Society, 14(2), 227-239. https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84988569211&partnerID=40&md5=d51a380ea5ac0cd83528a3b7afcfe767
van der Hoeven, F., & Juchnevic, K. (2016). The significance of the underground experience: Selection of reference design cases from the underground public transport stations and interchanges of the European Union. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 55, 176-193. doi:10.1016/j.tust.2015.12.015 https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84977883043&doi=10.1016%2fj.tust.2015.12.015&partnerID=40&md5=9738fc6d19033119d635bc72f7e79e29
Radice, M. (2018). Putting the Public in Public Art: An Ethnographic Approach to Two Temporary Art Installations. City and Society, 30(1), 45-67. doi:10.1111/ciso.12155 https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85043388765&doi=10.1111%2fciso.12155&partnerID=40&md5=a95c9c2c7d16beab0b1b6bb07f3a45af
Budd, L., & Ison, S. (2018). The airport industry The Routledge Companion to Air Transport Management (pp. 48-59). https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85045602140&doi=10.4324%2f9781315630540&partnerID=40&md5=6214b82e2095b713ea9f7efab70978d1
Enright, T. (2018). Mobile futures: Urban revitalization and the aesthetics of transportation The Routledge Handbook on Spaces of Urban Politics (pp. 577-588). https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85049994593&doi=10.4324%2f9781315712468&partnerID=40&md5=f9b49200b07d9cb4ecc5fa2a36ed7448
Messer, Jacinta. Blowing in the Wind. Parking Professional, Volume 30, Issue 1, 2014, pp 24-27 https://trid.trb.org/view/1303684
Alexander, M., & Hamilton, K. (2015). A ‘placeful’ station? The community role in place making and improving hedonic value at local railway stations. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 82, pp 65-77.
Wang, S. W., & Ngamsiriudom, W. (2015). Celebrity livery featured aircraft, the Moneki Neko (fortune cat) of airlines. Journal of Air Transport Man https://trid.trb.org/view/1339802
Gomez, Patricia. Los Angeles Metro’s El Monte Station: A Case Study Illustrating Intermodal Facility Artwork Integration Best Practices. Transportation Research Board 94th Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, 2015, 18p https://trid.trb.org/view/1338884
Stone, Ben; Nezam, Mallory. Arts, Culture and Transportation: A Creative Placemaking Field Scan.  Transportation for America; ArtPlace America, 2017, 54p
Gomez, Patricia. Los Angeles Metro’s El Monte Station: A Case Study Illustrating Intermodal Facility Artwork Integration Best Practices. Transportation Research Board 94th Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, 2015, 18p https://trid.trb.org/view/1338884
Yamamoto, Zipporah Lax. Transforming the Transportation Customer Experience through Contemporary Artistic Practice: A Case Study in Strategic Implementation. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Board, 2018, 10p

Topic Panel
Sarah M. Cifarelli, Los Angeles World Airports
Leah Douglas, Philadelphia International Airport
Kathy Greenwood, Albany International Airport
Tommy Gregory, Seattle Tacoma International Airport
Cory Hurless, Austin-Bergstrom International Airport
Gendry Sherer, Miami International Airport
Thomas Cuddy, Federal Aviation Administration--Plan & Environ Div (APP-400)
Elizabeth Arritt, American Association of Airport Executives
Rebecca Kaczkowski, Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute
Christine Gerencher, Transportation Research Board

Timothy R Karaskiewicz
Midwest Airport Consultants
phone: 414/704-6980

TRB Staff
Gail R. Staba
Airport Cooperative Research Program
phone: 202/334-2442

First Meeting: 5/3/2019, Washington, DC
Teleconference: 6/25/2019;2:00 pm EDT  
Second Meeting: 1/6/2020 Washington, DC


To create a link to this page, use this URL: http://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=4634