The National Academies

ACRP Synthesis 11-03/Topic S04-21 [Active (Synthesis)]

Models for Law Enforcement at Airports
[ ACRP 11-03 (Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Staff Responsibility: Thomas J. Helms, Jr.
Research Agency: Hickory Ridge Group, LLC
Principal Investigator: Dr. Heather L. Monteiro
Fiscal Year: 2018

Final Scope

Airports of all types and sizes use a wide range of law enforcement options: airport proprietary police, contracted police services (public or private provider), a division of a city/county/state law enforcement agency, a variety of flexible response options, and other models. Research is needed to collect data on how airports use various law enforcement models to provide for public safety needs and adhere to federal security requirements.
The report should address airports of security category X through IV and various airport ownership types (e.g., authority, city, etc.)
The report should describe the characteristics and considerations for each law enforcement model to assist airports of different sizes and ownership structures when determining the most effective arrangement for its situation.
At a minimum, the report should address the following for each airport law enforcement model:
·       Discretion in selection/placement of officers at the airport
·       Reporting structure
·       Managerial control
·       Financial aspects (e.g., LEO cooperative agreement, administrative costs, training costs, liability, etc.)
·       State/Local regulatory requirements regarding law enforcement
·       Level of integration into airport operations (e.g., ASC)
·       Level of airport-specific LEO training
·       Level of experience of LEO assigned to airport
·       Discretion of airport operator in determining LEO equipment (e.g., vehicles, weaponry, etc.)
·       Level of airport operator control over LEO policies
·       Jurisdictional issues
·       Ability to obtain additional law enforcement resources (e.g., airport-trained, emergency response)
·       Separation of powers between airport police and airport security
·       LEO assignments within airport structure (e.g., full 49 CFR 1542 versus simple response)
·       Level of coordination between the airport law enforcement agency and TSA
·       Access to law enforcement special operations and resources (e.g., SWAT, hostage negotiation, bomb squad, explosive detection canines, etc.)

Partial Information Sources

Howick, Jodi L. The Fourth Amendment and Airports. ACRP Legal Research Digest, Issue 27, 2016, 45p

Blain, Glenn (2017). State Police spending $26M over budget after Cuomo taps troopers to work at airports. NY Daily News

Jenkins, Aric (2017). Chicago Aviation Security to Remove 'Police' From Uniforms Following United Passenger-Dragging. Fortune.com

Colton, Andrew (2017). Feds Won't Pay for Police at Airports. ABC News.com

Zamost, Scott & Griffin, Drew (2017). Chicago's unarmed airport police told to stay away from trouble in baggage claim. CNN.com
After action reports from recent events at FLL, JFK
LAX T3 shooting after action report
LAX Zoro after action report
LAX Police Officers Praise New Law Giving Them Expanded Powers, but Pay ‘Disparity’ Still a Concern
McGray, Duane, Airport Law Enforcement in the 21st Century (DeGray)
William Bratton Response to Blue Ribbon Report

Topic Panel
Michael Everson, Metropolitan Airports Commission (MSP)
LaPonda J. Fitchpatrick, Los Angeles Airport Police Division
Michele Freadman, Massachusetts Port Authority
Lonnie Freeman, Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport
Steve Grossman, Jacksonville Aviation Authority
Duane McGray, Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority
Ryan Riesinger, Grand Forks Regional Airport Authoriy
Tracy Stage, Destin - Fort Walton Beach Airport
Christopher R. Bidwell, Airports Council International - North America
Colleen Chamberlain, American Association of Airport Executives
Kevin Murphy, Airport Law Enforcement Agencies Network

First Panel: June 7, 2018
Teleconference with Consultant: TBD
Second Panel: TBD


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