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The National Academies

ACRP Synthesis 11-03/Topic S04-19 [Active (Synthesis)]

Incorporating ADA and Functional Needs in Emergency Exercises
[ ACRP 11-03 (Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Authorization to Begin Work: 2/1/2017 -- estimated
Staff Responsibility: Gail R. Staba
Research Agency: Smith-Woolwine Associates, Inc.
Principal Investigator: James F. Smith
Effective Date: 5/18/2017
Fiscal Year: 2017

Final Scope


Many passengers with disabilities and others with access or functional needs (DAFN) travel through airports. Understanding and addressing physical, medical, and communications needs of this community is important when considering emergency scenarios. Airports use emergency exercises to train the community, including airport personnel, airline partners, tenants, and responders, as well as to maintain proficiency in their unique airport environment. Exercises evaluate groups’ abilities to prepare, respond, recover, communicate and work together to perform all roles necessary for successful emergency management. Many airports are innovative in their development of exercise scenarios and their exercising and evaluation programs. Some airports have creative ways to include persons with disabilities and representatives in the planning, execution, and evaluation of emergency training and exercises. All aspects of airport emergency preparedness and exercising need to include persons with disabilities (and their service animals, specialized equipment, and supplies) and others with access or functional needs.

The objective of this research is to compile existing resources, experiences, and effective practices from airports that conduct emergency exercises which consider the DAFN community, with emphasis on collaboration with persons with disabilities and their representatives. The audience for this synthesis of practice is airport stakeholders such as airport personnel, airline partners, tenants, and responders.

The research shall include a literature review of existing documents and data collection (survey and/or interviews) from airport operators who conduct emergency exercises with participation of the disability community and others with access or functional needs. Also, the research will collect data on practices from a range of airports based on geographic location, size classification, and governance. Data collection will include, at minimum:

• Identification of known industry leaders and their programs
• Definition of the DAFN population and how airports define their community for emergency exercises
• How airports do or can find community resources to assist in developing an inclusive program
• Current practices and strategies nationally and internationally for including persons with disabilities, service animals, and specialized equipment and supplies in emergency exercises
• Describe effective airport emergency exercise programs, including any tools, templates, and participants on the exercise planning team
• Exercise participants, roles and responsibilities
• Logistics, processes and tools when including DAFN community
• Creatively overcoming limited resources (costs, funding sources, lack of buy-in, leveraging resources)
• Challenges and work-arounds
• Gaps and further research
• Examples of exercise materials such as checklists, templates, planning elements, hazard identification and risk assessment tools, evaluation criteria, after action reports, and other relevant tools and considerations

The product of the research will be a concise report and appendices that include tools for incorporating ADA considerations into emergency exercises.

Partial information sources:

• www.Disasterassistance.gov
• FEMA, Guidance for planning on integration of functional needs
• Federal Family Assistance Plan for Aviation, NTSB

Industry contacts may include:
DEN
FLL
RSW
LAX
MSP
JAX
SFO
SJO
SAN
PANYNJ
RST
SEA
PDX
PHX
Canada
YVR
UK-Manchester, Heathrow
AAAE emergency manager conference attendees
Lufthansa
JetBlue
Delta
Southwest
Virgin Australia
Alaska
ANA
Israel
FAA Civil Rights Office

Topic Panel 
Cecilia Feeley, Rutgers University Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation
Stephanie M. Murphy, Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority
Kristin Rollwagen, Metropolitan Airports Commission (MSP)
Lawrence J. Rolon, Los Angeles World Airports
Meaghan Smalley, Jacksonville Aviation Authority (JAA)
Laurel Van Horn, Open Doors Organization
Lillian Miller, Federal Aviation Administration
Christine Gerencher, Transportation Research Board 



Staff
Gail Staba
email: gstaba@nas.edu
phone: 202-334-2442


Meetings
First meeting: April 6, 2017, Washington, DC 
Teleconference: May 18, 2017, 10:00 a.m., EDT 
Second meeting: November 8, 2017, Irvine, CA 

 

 

 

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