The National Academies

NCHRP 20-102(01) [Final]

Policy and Planning Actions to Internalize Societal Impacts of CV and AV Systems into Market Decisions
[ NCHRP 20-102 (Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies--Task-Order Support) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $400,000
Research Agency: Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Principal Investigator: Ginger Goodin
Effective Date: 11/3/2015
Completion Date: 5/2/2017

The project is complete and the following deliverables are available:
  • Strategies to Advance Automated and Connected Vehicles: Briefing Document.This document is intended for state, regional, and local agency and political decision makers who are framing public policy making for these transformational technologies. The briefing document makes the case for taking action in spite of uncertainties and presents 18 policy and planning strategies that may be useful in advancing societal goals.
  • Advancing Automated and Connected Vehicles: Policy and Planning Strategies for State and Local Transportation Agencies [NCHRP Report 845].This report assesses policy and planning strategies at the state, regional, and local levels that could influence private-sector automated vehicle (AV) and connected vehicle (CV) choices to positively affect societal goals. The report aims to assist agencies with exploring actions that might increase the likelihood that AV and CV technologies will have beneficial impacts on traffic crashes, congestion, pollution, land development, and mobility (particularly for older adults, youths under the age of 16, and individuals with disabilities).
  • Transportation TV Special Report. This YouTube video was produced by AASHTO to introduce the Briefing Document and Report.
Vehicle manufacturers and third-party vendors are continually introducing new automated vehicle (AV) technologies into the marketplace. Connected vehicle (CV) technologies are also moving towards implementation, with NHTSA rule-making being a key driver.
Vehicles that are increasingly automated and connected (to each other and/or to infrastructure) offer many benefits in areas such as safety, mobility, and environment. However, there is a gap between the consumer benefits that motivate vehicle manufacturers and owners and the societal benefits that motivate public agencies. Without action by governments, there is a risk that some of the public benefits from these transformative technologies will not be realized.
In similar situations, state, regional, and local governments have exercised their authority to make policies or plans in order to internalize public benefits in private-sector decisions. Low emission vehicles have been incentivized with access to HOV facilities, for example. Preferential parking now accompanies public parking for electric vehicles.
The objective of this research was to identify and describe policy and planning actions at the state, regional, and local levels that could help societal impacts (including impacts on transportation system owner/operators) of connected vehicle (CV) and automated vehicle (AV) technologies to be internalized in market decisions made by individuals and organizations. The CV and AV technologies should include those being developed for all modes (e.g., cars, trucks, transit, bicycles, and pedestrians) and the interfaces between them.

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