The National Academies

TCRP A-10 [Completed]

Location and Design of Bus Stops on Major Streets and Highways

  Project Data
Funds: $250,000
Research Agency: Texas A&M Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Kay Fitzpatrick
Effective Date: 11/1/1994
Completion Date: 7/30/1996

TCRP Report 19, "Guidelines for the Location and Design of Bus Stops," presents guidelines in three areas: the "big picture," street-side design, and curb-side design.
  • The "big picture" section of the guidelines addresses the need for cooperation and coordination among stakeholders during the design and location of bus stops. Such efforts result in mutually satisfying outcomes for diverse interests and can preclude many problems that often arise.
  • The street-side section discusses matters such as curb radii and when to consider installing the various bus stop configurations (curb-side, nub, bus bay, open bus bay, and queue jumper bus bay) and different bus stop locations (near-side, far-side, and midblock). This section of the guidelines addresses possible effects of bus stop location and design on bus operations and traffic flow.
  • The curb-side section of the guidelines addresses community integration; pedestrian access to bus stops; placement of bus stops in the right of way; environmental treatments; bus shelter designs; shelter construction materials; and amenities, such as lighting, benches, vending machines, trash receptacles, telephones, bus route and schedule information, and bicycle storage facilities.

    The primary objective of this research was to develop guidelines for locating and designing bus stops in various operating environments. These guidelines will assist transit agencies, local governments, and other public bodies in locating and designing bus stops that consider bus patrons' convenience, safety, and access to sites as well as safe transit operations and traffic flow. The guidelines include information about locating and designing bus stops and checklists of factors that should be considered.

    A secondary objective of this research project was to develop or assemble the most comprehensive and technically current information on bus stop design. Consequently, in addition to preparing the Guidelines, the research team prepared a final report that presents the research approach and findings, including the results of the literature review.

    This project produced TCRP Report 19, "Guidelines for the Location and Design of Bus Stops," and a final report, which was not published but is available on loan from TCRP. TCRP Report 19 is also available in portable document format (PDF). (A free copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader is available at https://www.adobe.com.) Double-click on the links below to access the report.

    Front Matter; Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: The Big Picture (187 Kb)

    Chapter 3: Street-Side Factors (1Mb)

    Chapter 4: Curb-Side Factors; Chapter 5: Glossary; Appendix A: Literature Search; Appendix B: Review of Transit Agency's Manuals; Appendix C: Survey Findings (1Mb)

    Appendix D: Street-Side Studies (1Mb)

    Appendix E: Curb-Side Studies (1Mb)

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