The National Academies

TCRP A-01 [Completed]

Fare Policies, Structures, and Technologies

  Project Data
Funds: $449,941
Research Agency: Multisystems, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Daniel M. Fleishman
Effective Date: 4/1/1993
Completion Date: 6/30/1995

Every transit agency must address fare policy, structure, and technology, and while each of these areas has typically been evaluated separately, it is important to under-stand the interrelationships. Policy generally guides the direction for structure, but technology decisions can also affect decisions regarding structure--as well as policy. Electronic fare payment, for instance, offers the agency the ability to provide a broad range of fare options, while improving revenue control and operations planning capabilities. Emerging technological developments can also facilitate the expansion of the existing use of fare instruments to a broader base, possibly including other transit operators and nontransit functions. Thus, as transit agencies face pressures to maximize their operating efficiencies, increase revenues, and expand their ridership, the need to be aware of capabilities of the emerging technologies becomes more important than ever.

This report will be of interest to policy makers and managers at transit agencies developing and implementing fare policies to meet their social, financial, and service needs. The report includes the results of a comprehensive study of the major parameters of the transit fare decision-making process, and it provides guidance for making decisions related to fare policy, structure, and technologies.

Under TCRP Project A-1, Fare Policies, Structures, and Technologies, research was undertaken by a team headed by Multisystems, Inc., to evaluate alternative fare structures; to review current and emerging fare collection and media distribution technologies; and to develop techniques and guidelines to enable transit agencies to evaluate and identify appropriate policies, structures, and technologies. TCRP Report 10 highlights the issues to be considered in making fare-related decisions, the experiences of transit agencies in selecting and using the various approaches, and the advantages and disadvantages--and future promise--of emerging developments. Appendix D of the report, Transit Fare Decision-Making Guidelines, has been designed to assist policy makers and managers in making fare-related decisions. The documentation of case studies conducted during the project are presented in a separate document, Fare Policies, Structures, and Technologies: Case Studies. These documents are available for loan by request to the TCRP. The final report was published as TCRP Report No. 10.

TCRP Report 10 is also available in portable document format (PDF). (A free copy of Adobe Acrobat reader is available at https://www.adobe.com.) Double-click on the files below to access the report.

Front Matter; Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Approach; Chapter 2: Fare Policy Development and Decision-making Process; Chapter 3: Fare Strategies and Payment Options (986 Kb)

Chapter 4: Fare Structure Development and Evaluation Process and Effects; Chapter 5: Fare Payment and Collection Technology Options (855 Kb)

Chapter 6: Electronic Fare Payment Options; Chapter 7: Emerging Fare Payment and Media Purchase Developments (627 Kb)

Chapter 8: Selection and Procurement of New Technology; Chapter 9: Summary of Findings; References; Bibliography (503 Kb)

Appendixes A, B, C, and D (2,093 Kb)

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