America's arterial corridors host a variety of users including passenger cars, trucks, buses, bicycles and pedestrians. Many of these corridors lack basic safety for pedestrians and cyclists such as sidewalks, bike lanes, and crosswalks. Unsafe corridors are inequitably prevalent in low-income communities and communities of color. Yet along these corridors, commerce, housing, transportation, and all manner of origins and destinations exist.
A new bus transit corridor project involving a dedicated bus lane(s) is an opportunity to identify and improve dangerous or nonexistent pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, potentially improving the health and safety of transit users and community residents. This study will provide benefits to the transit industry by documenting how new bus transit project sponsors look to incorporate pedestrian/bike safety and complete streets within their transit improvement designs.
The objective of this synthesis is to examine the state of practice in bus transit corridor planning, design and construction as it relates to pedestrian and bike safety, public health, and equity. The specific focus will be on dedicated bus lanes and their relationship to the issues of safety, public health and equity. The study will include the interaction of buses with bicyclists, pedestrians, and vehicles especially at bus stops, driveways and intersections.
Information To Be Gathered will include specific items as determined by the panel during the first panel meeting. These might include (among others):
· Analysis of bike and pedestrian improvements in the design and construction phases
· Other measures implemented as part of the transit project that are focused on enhancing bicycle and pedestrian safety as well as the safe operation of buses
· Percent change in bike and pedestrian injuries and fatalities since implementation of new sidewalks and/or bike lanes
How the Information Will Be Gathered:
- Literature review
- A survey of agencies
- Follow-up interviews with selected agencies for the development of case study examples
- Identification of knowledge gaps and suggestions for research to address those gaps
TRB E-Circular 239: Arterial Roadways Research Needs and Concerns
TCRP Bus Rapid Transit, Volume 1: Case Studies in Bus Rapid Transit
Impact of new rapid transit on physical activity: A meta-analysis Jana A. Hirsch,a Danielle N. DeVries,b Michael Brauer,c Lawrence D. Frank,d and Meghan Winterse,
Journal of Transport & Health: 1884 - Health Impacts and Assessment from BRT and Complete Streets: Mexico City's Line 5 Metrobus Corridor
First Panel: TBD
Teleconference with Consultant: TBD
Second Panel: TBD