The National Academies

NCHRP Synthesis 20-05/Topic 53-07 [Active (Synthesis)]

Curing Practices for Concrete Pavements
[ NCHRP 20-05 (Synthesis of Information Related to Highway Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Authorization to Begin Work: 4/30/2021 -- estimated
Staff Responsibility: Jo Allen Gause
Research Agency: Global Sustainable Solutions (GSS)
Principal Investigator: Jamshid Armaghani
Effective Date: 10/5/2021
Fiscal Year: 2022

Final Scope

The curing of concrete is widely recognized as a critical step for achieving high-quality long-lasting concrete pavements. While the most common curing practice is the application of membrane-forming curing compounds, the compound specifications, including application rates and the quality control/quality assurance (QC/QA) practice, differ among state departments of transportation (DOTs). The timing of the curing application—which is critical to the success of the curing process—also differs among DOTs. State DOTs may also adopt additional curing measures during adverse weather conditions.

The objective of this synthesis is to document state DOT practices for curing pavement concrete including procedures, materials, application rates, timing, QC/QA procedures, and specific measures adopted when paving under adverse weather conditions. The synthesis includes concrete pavement overlays, inlays, and widenings.

Information to be gathered includes (but is not limited to):
• Extent of DOT use of concrete pavements (e.g., lane miles, volume of concrete used, use in last five years);
• Curing procedures allowed by DOT specifications;
• Curing materials types used (e.g., curing compounds) and specifications;
• Application rates and details;
• Pre-certification process (e.g., in-house, NTPEP);
• How the timing of the curing is established, including objective (e.g., tests) and subjective evaluations (e.g., sheen of the concrete surface);
• Pre-construction evaluation of curing (e.g. test strips, trial slabs);
• Approaches followed to ensure the specified application of the curing (QA);
• Use of support software;
• Use of sensors (e.g. temperature, internal relative humidity, etc.) to aid curing procedure or QA evaluation;
• QC requirements in specifications;
• Weather conditions under which concrete paving is permitted;
• Additional curing measures required when paving under adverse weather conditions; and
• Procedures taken if early age cracking (including plastic shrinkage cracking) is observed.

Information will be gathered through a literature review, a survey of state DOTs, and follow-up interviews with selected agencies for the development of case examples. Information gaps and suggestions for research to address those gaps will be identified.

Information Sources (Partial):
• Taylor, P. C., van Dam, T. J., Sutter, L. L., and Fick, G. J. (2019). Integrated Materials and Construction Practices for Concrete Pavement: A State-of-the-Practice Manual. Second Edition. National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
Curing Concrete Paving Mixtures. (2018). FHWA Tech Brief. FHWA-HIF-18-015. FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation.
Guide to External Curing of Concrete. (2016). ACI 308R-16. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills,MI.
Guide to Cold Weather Concreting. (2016). ACI 306R-16. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills,MI.
• Ruiz, J. M., Garber, S., and Dick, J. C. (2015). Computer-Based Guidelines for Concrete Pavements. HIPERPAV IIIⓇ, Version 3.3 User's Manual. FHWA-HRT-14-087. FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation.
Guide to Hot Weather Concreting. (2010). ACI 305R-10. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills,MI.
Early Cracking of Concrete Pavement-Causes and Repairs. (2002). American Concrete Pavement Association, Washington, D.C.
• Taylor, P. C. (2014). Curing Concrete. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

TRB Staff
Jo Allen Gause
Phone: 202-334-3826
Email: jagause@nas.edu


Meeting Dates
First Panel: October 5, 2021, virtual
Teleconference with Consultant: October 29, 2021, 2:30 p.m. ET
Second Panel: June 16, 2022, Washington, DC

Topic Panel
Patricia Baer, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation

Dulce Rufino Feldman, California Department of Transportation

M. Shabbir Hossain, Virginia Department of Transportation

Daniel Miller, Ohio Department of Transportation

Andy Naranjo, Texas Department of Transportation

Peter Taylor, National CP Tech Center, ISU

Michael Praul, Federal Highway Administration

Nancy Whiting, Transportation Research Board

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