The National Academies

NCHRP 08-134 [Pending]

Integrating Freight Movement into 21st Century Communities' Land Use, Design, and Transportation Systems

  Project Data
Funds: $490,000
Contract Time: 27 months
Staff Responsibility: William C. Rogers

Each day, about 60 million tons of freight valued at $40 billion moves through the United States transportation system. As cities and communities seek to encourage and implement mixed-use and human-scale development, it is important to consider the needs for commercial and residential goods movement, access, and mobility. Not doing so may lead to delivery trucks double-parking, blocking bike lanes, mounting curbs and sidewalks while driving, and other high-risk behavior when serving businesses and homes. Cities and suburbs also need street design and parking regulations that ensure trucks can efficiently access dense pick-up and delivery locations without creating roadway safety or maintenance concerns; incurring costly parking fines; or interfering with local vehicle, bike, transit, and pedestrian traffic. The same applies to the noise and other environmental impacts that trucks cause at a higher rate relative to smaller vehicles.

Research continues to underscore the significant disconnect between land-use decision-making and the freight-movement-related traffic associated with various land uses. Freight movement is mainly a private-sector activity with significantly different planning timeframes and objectives than the public sector, resulting in difficulties achieving useful public-private communication and collaboration. Useful commodity flow and volume information and data can be very difficult and costly for the public sector to acquire and apply in planning activities, resulting in transportation system plans and priorities that can under- or overestimate freight movement demand. State, regional, and local decision-making based on incomplete information can lead to land use, economic development, and transportation plans, policies, project priorities, and funding choices that do not address long-term mobility needs for people and freight.
The objective of this research is to develop a planning toolkit for public-sector decisionmakers to better integrate freight and goods movement into the planning process for land use, design, and multimodal transportation systems. The toolkit should be scalable for all geographic and population densities and provide best practices and tools for implementation (e.g., education, model policies, development standards, ordinances).
The NCHRP is seeking the insights of proposers on how best to achieve the research objective, including recommendations for maintaining and updating the tools developed in the research. Proposers are expected to describe research plans that can realistically be accomplished within the constraints of available funds and contract time. Proposals must present the proposers' current thinking in sufficient detail to demonstrate their understanding of the issues and the soundness of their approach to meeting the research objective.
Note: Proposers should review the following reports: American Planning Association, Policy Guide on Freight (2016); FHWA Freight and Land Use Handbook (2012); NCFRP Report 13: Freight Facility Location Selection: A Guide for Public Officials (2011); NCHRP Report 739: Freight Trip Generation and Land Use (2012); and NCHRP Research Report 897: Tools to Facilitate Implementation of Effective Metropolitan Freight Transportation Strategies (2018).
The toolkit should include, but not be limited to, the following:
  •       An overview that describes how freight and goods movement supports communities, economies, and livability, and how it factors into community planning and equity (e.g., social, environmental justice, geographic) efforts;  
  •       A description of freight and goods movement behaviors, decision-making and operations to include such factors as travel time reliability, differences in peak travel times, the identification and description of special freight and goods movement issues, and considerations at the urban, suburban, and rural levels;
  •       Descriptions of the challenges in forecasting freight and goods movement for current and emerging technologies, consumer behavior, and supply chains;  
  •       Identification of key stakeholders and partners (including those not normally engaged in freight and goods movement outreach efforts), their relationships to planning and design, and methods to encourage better collaboration; 
  •      A method to identify stakeholders and engagement strategies and techniques (special consideration should be given to normally excluded stakeholders);   
  •      A tool to educate state, regional, and local agency staff on the nexus between freight and goods movement, and land use, planning for freight facilities, and infrastructure design;
  •      Tools to inform local decisionmakers on the nexus between freight and goods movement and land use;
  •        A tool to facilitate outreach to the general public on the role that freight and goods movement plays in everyday life; 
  •        An interactive tool that takes high-level inputs to describe common freight and goods movement issues in communities and provides guidance for addressing these issues. The tool must reconcile freight and goods movement, population and employment growth, land use, and expected externalities – environmental, economic, and social; and 
  •        A design guidance tool that recommends appropriate strategies for street design and site design that accommodates all users, including freight and goods movement, and is context sensitive.  
The proposed work plan must be divided into phases. Each phase must be organized by task, with each task described in detail. A kick-off teleconference of the research team and NCHRP shall be scheduled within 1 month of the contract’s execution.
Phase I will consist of information gathering, culminating in the submission of an interim report describing the work completed in Phase I. An in-person meeting will be held with NCHRP to discuss the interim report. NCHRP approval of the Phase I interim report is required before work can commence on subsequent phases. The project schedule shall include 1 month for NCHRP review and approval of the interim report. A 1.5-day workshop will be held in a subsequent phase to demonstrate the deliverables of the research and obtain feedback from practitioners prior to preparing the draft final deliverables.
Phase II shall consist of (1) the workshop to demonstrate the draft deliverables of the research and obtain feedback from practitioners and (2) the development of the final deliverables.
Note: The costs for the workshop, including invitational travel for 30 state and local planning personnel, shall be included in the detailed budget for the research. NCHRP will be responsible for costs associated with hosting the workshop at the Keck Center in Washington, DC, as well as the cost of travel for NCHRP panel members.
The final deliverables shall include (1) a planning toolkit for public-sector decisionmakers (e.g., policymakers, planners, economists, and elected and appointed officials) to improve land use planning, design, and multimodal transportation systems that better integrate freight and goods movement; (2) a final report documenting the entire project and incorporating all other specified deliverable products of the research; (3) an electronic presentation that provides an overview of the research results that can be tailored for specific audiences; (4) recommendations for additional research; and (5) a stand-alone technical memorandum titled, “Implementation of Research Findings and Products” (see Special Note B for additional information). 
Note: Following receipt of the draft final deliverables, the remaining 3 months shall be for NCHRP review and comment and for research agency preparation of the final deliverables.
A. Proposals should include a task-by-task breakdown of labor hours for each staff member as shown in Figure 4 in the brochure, "Information and Instructions for Preparing Proposals" (http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/crp/docs/ProposalPrep.pdf). Proposals also should include a breakdown of all costs (e.g., wages, indirect costs, travel, materials, and total) for each task using Figures 5 and 6 in the brochure. Please note that TRB Cooperative Research Program subawards (selected proposers are considered subawards to the National Academy of Sciences, the parent organization of TRB) must comply with 2 CFR 200 – Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. These requirements include a provision that proposers without a "federally" Negotiated Indirect Costs Rate Agreement (NICRA) shall be subject to a maximum allowable indirect rate of 10% of Modified Total Direct Costs. Modified Total Direct Costs include all salaries and wages, applicable fringe benefits, materials and supplies, services, travel, and up to the first $25,000 of each lower-tier subaward and subcontract. Modified Total Direct Costs exclude equipment, capital expenditures, charges for patient care, rental costs, tuition remission, scholarships and fellowships, participant support costs and the portion of each lower-tier subaward and subcontract in excess of $25,000.
B. The NCHRP is a practical, applied research program that produces implementable products addressing problems faced by transportation practitioners and managers. The benefits of NCHRP research are realized only when the results are implemented in state DOTs and other agencies. Implementation of the research product must be considered throughout the process, from problem statement development to research contract and beyond completion of the research. Item 4(c), "Anticipated Research Results," must include the following: (a) the "product" expected from the research, (b) the audience or "market" for this product, (c) a realistic assessment of impediments to successful implementation, and (d) the institutions and individuals who might take leadership in deploying the research product. The project panel will develop and maintain an implementation plan throughout the life of the project. The research team will be expected to provide input to an implementation team consisting of panel members, AASHTO committee members, the NCHRP Implementation Coordinator, and others in order to meet the goals of NCHRP Active Implementation: Moving Research into Practice, available at http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/nchrp/docs/NCHRP_ActiveImplementation.pdf.
C. Item 5 in the proposal, "Qualifications of the Research Team," must include a section labeled "Disclosure." Information relevant to the NCHRP's need to ensure objectivity and to be aware of possible sources of significant financial or organizational conflict of interest in conducting the research must be presented in this section of the proposal. For example, under certain conditions, ownership of the proposing agency, other organizational relationships, or proprietary rights and interests could be perceived as jeopardizing an objective approach to the research effort, and proposers are asked to disclose any such circumstances and to explain how they will be accounted for in this study. If there are no issues related to objectivity, this should be stated.
D. Proposals are evaluated by the NCHRP staff and project panels consisting of individuals collectively very knowledgeable in the problem area. Selection of an agency is made by the project panel considering the following factors: (1) the proposer's demonstrated understanding of the problem; (2) the merit of the proposed research approach and experiment design; (3) the experience, qualifications, and objectivity of the research team in the same or closely related problem area; (4) the plan for ensuring application of results; (5) how the proposer approaches inclusion and diversity in the composition of their team and research approach, including participation by certified Disadvantaged Business Enterprises; and, if relevant, (6) the adequacy of the facilities.
Note: The proposer's approach to inclusion and diversity as well as participation by Disadvantaged Business Enterprises should be incorporated in Item 12 of the proposal. 
E. Copyrights - All data, written materials, computer software, graphic and photographic images, and other information prepared under the contract and the copyrights therein shall be owned by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The contractor and subcontractors will be able to publish this material for non-commercial purposes, for internal use, or to further academic research or studies with permission from TRB Cooperative Research Programs. The contractor and subcontractors will not be allowed to sell the project material without prior approval by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. By signing a contract with the National Academy of Sciences, contractors accept legal responsibility for any copyright infringement that may exist in work done for TRB. Contractors are therefore responsible for obtaining all necessary permissions for use of copyrighted material in TRB's Cooperative Research Programs publications. For guidance on TRB's policies on using copyrighted material please consult Section 5.4, "Use of Copyrighted Material," in the Procedural Manual for Contractors.
F. Resumes for key personnel shall not exceed 3 pages each. The research plan shall be limited to no more than 15 pages. This does not include the detailed schedule or the detailed budget.

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