The National Academies

NCHRP Synthesis 20-05/Topic 51-09 [Active (Synthesis)]

Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Joint Sealant Practices and Performance
[ NCHRP 20-05 (Synthesis of Information Related to Highway Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Authorization to Begin Work: 5/1/2019 -- estimated
Staff Responsibility: Tanya Zwahlen
Research Agency: Texas A&M Transportation Institute
Principal Investigator: Dan Zollinger
Effective Date: 9/18/2019
Fiscal Year: 2019

Final Scope

In recent decades, portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement sealing practices have changed substantially.  There is a significant non-uniformity and inconsistency for joint sealant applications among transportation agencies. Joint sealing practices have changed over time, but current practice and performance has not been documented. Despite their widespread use, questions exist as to the efficacy of and need for joint sealing practices in PCC pavements.  


The objective of this synthesis is to document current practices with PCC pavement joint sealant in new construction and the maintenance protocol of existing joint sealants for PCC pavements.


Information to be gathered will include, but is not be limited to:

·          Whether or not PCC pavement joint sealants are used

·         Types of materials used for PCC pavement joint sealant

·         Constructions methods used for PCC pavement joint sealant

·         Use of NTPEP data for product approval Inspection and/or acceptance procedures and specifications used for PCC pavement joint sealants

·         Long-term PCC joint sealant performance

·         Issues surrounding PCC joint sealant usage or effectiveness such as water presence or movement and noise contributions

·         Alternative methods being used in lieu of sealants (e.g. penetrating sealers) in an attempt to better control the saturation level of the joint face, including their specifications, performance, and installation procedures



Information will be collected through literature review, survey of DOTs possibly through relevant AASHTO on Materials and Pavements, and follow-up interviews with selected agencies for the development of three to five case examples documenting successful practices.  Information gaps and suggestions for research to address those gaps will be identified.


Information Sources

·         Effectiveness of Sealing Transverse Contraction Joints in Concrete Pavements (2008) – Final Report. DTFH61-03-C-00102. Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA.

·         Fang, C., Haddock, J., Galal, K., & Ward, D. (2003). Initial Study for Cost-Effectiveness of Joint/Crack Sealing. Joint Transportation Research Program, 129. Indiana Department of Transportation, FHWA/IN/JTRP-2003/11, and Purdue University.

·         FHWA-HIF-09-013 (2009). Performance of Sealed and Unsealed Concrete Pavement Joints. Tech Brief.

·         Hall, K. T., & Crovetti, J. A. (2000). LTPP data analysis: Relative performance of jointed plain concrete pavement with sealed and unsealed joints. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council.

·         National Concrete Consortium (2015). Joints and Sealing Survey. http://www.cptechcenter.org/ncc/TTCC-NCC-2015.cfm (Accessed on February 15, 2016)

·         Peterson, D. E. (1982). Resealing Joints & Cracks in Rigid and Flexible Pavements, NCHRP Synthesis, 1982

·         Peshkin, D. et. al. (2011). Preservation Approaches for High-Traffic-Volume Roadways. SHRP 2 Report S2-R26-RR-1. The Second Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.

·         Rigid Pavement Joints Sealant Effectiveness in Reducing Chloride Intrusion.  ASTM Special Technical Publication, STP, 1243, 98-113.

·         Taylor, P., Rasmussen R. O., Torres, H., Fick, G., Harrington, D, and Cackler, T. (2012). Guide for Optimum Joint Performance of Concrete Pavements. National Concrete Pavement Technology Center, FHWA DTFH 61-06-H-00011.

·         FHWA: technical advisory

·         NTPEP technical committee),


Topic Panel

Tara Capson, Idaho Transportation Department

Mark E. Felag, Rhode Island DOT

Richard M. Hewitt, Florida DOT

Daniel I. Miller, Ohio DOT

Hasan Ozer, Arizona State University

Brennan Roney, Georgia DOT

Giri Venkiteela, New Jersey DOT

Tom Yu, Federal Highway Administration

James W. Bryant, Jr., Transportation Research Board


TRB Staff
Christopher Dunne

First meeting: September 18, 2019, Washington, DC 
Teleconference: TBD
Second meeting: June 23, 2019

To create a link to this page, use this URL: http://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=4722