State departments of transportation (DOTs) manage several federal and state funding sources that can be used for accommodation of pedestrians and bicyclists. Guidance and tools have been developed for practitioners to use in prioritizing pedestrian and bicycle projects, but it is not clear which methods states may be using and with which funding programs. Pedestrian and bicycle improvements are often included in larger corridor, intersection, or other types projects. This can make it difficult to identify all the projects involving nonmotorized users and the amount of funds used for these efforts. In addition, it can be difficult to determine the extent to which various individual state and federal funding programs are used that impact nonmotorized users. A review of states’ processes for prioritizing and selecting pedestrian and bicycle elements is needed to provide practitioners with examples of how states have prioritized as well as addressed data availability, limitations on eligibility for funds, and other challenges.
The objective of this synthesis is to present an overview of the state of the practice for selection of pedestrian and bicycle improvements. The research will exclude design elements.
Information to be gathered will include, but is not be limited to:
- Documentation of specific scoring processes used by DOTs
- Factors considered during project prioritization
- How improvements to existing facilities are factored
- How DOTs rank and select projects
- Other aspects of programs and/or policies
- Funding limitations and other challenges
Information will be collected through literature review, survey of DOTs, and follow-up interviews with selected agencies for the development of case examples. Information gaps and suggestions for research to address those gaps will be identified.
Information Sources (Partial):
- State pedestrian and bicycle plans
- State Strategic Highway Safety Plans, Highway Safety Plans, and Highway Safety Improvement Program reports are a potential source of information.
- FHWA’s Statewide Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook
- NCHRP Report 803: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Along Existing Roads—ActiveTrans Priority Tool Guidebook