The National Academies

NCHRP Synthesis 20-05/Topic 51-04 [Active (Synthesis)]

Practices for Selecting Pedestrian and Bicycle Projects
[ NCHRP 20-05 (Synthesis of Information Related to Highway Practices) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $45,000
Authorization to Begin Work: 5/1/2019 -- estimated
Staff Responsibility: Jo Allen Gause
Research Agency: T.Y Lin International
Principal Investigator: Richard Perrin
Effective Date: 9/18/2019
Fiscal Year: 2019

Final Scope
State departments of transportation (DOTs) manage several federal and state funding sources that can be used for the provision of pedestrian and bicycle projects. Guidance and tools have been developed for use in prioritizing pedestrian and bicycle projects, but it is not clear which methods states may be using and with which funding programs. Pedestrian and bicycle improvements can be stand-alone projects but are often included in larger corridor, intersection, or other types of projects. It can be difficult to determine the extent to which various individual state and federal funding programs are used and to understand state processes for prioritizing and selecting pedestrian and bicycle investments.

The objective of this synthesis is to document DOT practices for the selection of pedestrian and bicycle projects. The research will exclude design elements.

Information to be gathered will include, but is not be limited to:
• Relationship between factors for project selection and policy goals (e.g., environmental, equity, safety, health);
• Existence of DOT documentation of the selection processes;
• Specific criteria, scoring and weighting used for ranking and selecting projects;
• Funding sources available and used by DOTs;
• Funding source influences on project selection for both infrastructure and non-infrastructure projects (e.g., planning, education, enforcement);
• Coordination with stakeholders outside of the DOT (e.g., regional planning organizations, other state and local agencies); and
• Considerations for stand-alone pedestrian and bicycle projects and for improvements included in larger transportation projects.

Information will be collected through literature review, survey of DOTs, and follow-up interviews with selected agencies for the development of case examples. Information gaps and suggestions for research to address those gaps will be identified.

Information Sources (Partial):
• State transportation systems plans
• State pedestrian and bicycle plans
• State and regional pedestrian and bicycle needs assessments
• State Strategic Highway Safety Plan and Highway Safety Improvement Program reports are a potential source of information.
• FHWA’s Statewide Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook
• NCHRP Report 803: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Along Existing Roads—ActiveTrans Priority Tool Guidebook
• FHWA Guidebook for Measuring Multimodal Network Connectivity 


Topic Panel

Jason Ayotte, New Hampshire DOT

Barb Chamberlain, Washington State DOT

Alex Henry, Florida DOT

Jessica Horning, Oregon DOT

Sonja Piper, Minnesota DOT

Heidi Schallberg, Metropolitan Council

Valerie J. Southern, VJS-TC, LLC

Nikiforos Stamatiadis, University of Kentucky

Darren G. Buck, Federal Highway Administration

Shannon Eggleston, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

Bernardo Kleiner, Transportation Research Board



TRB Staff

Jo Allen Gause




First meeting: September 18, 2019, Washington, DC 
Teleconference: October 11, 2019, 2:00 pm, ET
Second meeting: June 9, 2019, Washington, DC


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