The risk of motor vehicle crashes is higher among 16- to 19-year-olds than among any other age group. In 2016, 2,433 teens ages 16-19 in the United States died and nearly 300,000 were treated in emergency rooms for injuries suffered in motor vehicle crashes. Furthermore, per mile driven, teen drivers ages 16-19 are nearly three times more likely than drivers aged 20 and older to be in a fatal crash.
The recently completed Strategic Highway Research Program 2 (SHRP2) Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) offers a robust database of 3,100 study participants ages 16-98, recruited from six regions in the United States, and each participant was studied for a period of up to 2 years. Vehicles were instrumented with a data acquisition system that included accelerometers, cameras, GPS, forward radar, and vehicle network connections. Almost 500 drivers aged 16-19 (and over 650 drivers aged 20-24) were studied. The NDS offers an opportunity to conduct in-depth analyses of teen driver behavior, with known roadway characteristics, weather, and time of day.
The objective of this research is to develop a research agenda for teen driver behavioral safety countermeasures using the SHRP2 NDS data.
The research should include a scoping study of the NDS to detail its usefulness in studying teen driving behavior, and address, at a minimum, the following:
1. Evaluate strengths and limitations of the NDS database to address critical research questions in teen driver behavioral safety;
2. Provide a full description of the NDS data elements, expertise, methodologies, and resources necessary to address teen driver research questions using NDS data;
3. Specify other types of data sources that could be linked to the NDS data to address these research questions;
4. Identify potential countermeasures that could result from analyses of these research questions using NDS data; and
5. For each countermeasure, develop one or more research problem statements that describe how specific NDS data could be used to investigate and implement the countermeasure. The problem statements should be in a format suitable for submission to the BTSCRP and include a background statement, objective, and estimated cost. Together, these problem statements will form a research agenda for teen driver behavioral countermeasures.
The BTSCRP is seeking the insights of proposers on how best to achieve the research objective. Proposers are expected to describe research plans that can realistically be accomplished within the constraints of available funds and contract time. Proposals must present the proposers' current thinking in sufficient detail to demonstrate their understanding of the issues and the soundness of their approach to meeting the research objective.
A kick-off conference call with the research team and BTSCRP shall be scheduled within 1 month of the contract’s execution. The work plan must be organized by task, with each task described in detail. There will be an interim meeting with BTSCRP to discuss the progress of the research.
The final deliverables, at a minimum, will include: (1) a research agenda for teen driver behavioral safety countermeasures; (2) a final report documenting the entire project, incorporating all other specified deliverables of the research; (3) an electronic presentation of the key points of the research that can be tailored for specific audiences, including potential researchers and state highway safety offices; (4) a two-page summary of the key findings, suitable for a general audience; (5) a webinar to inform practitioners of the research results; (6) a presentation to the GHSA Executive Board in Anaheim, CA, in August 2019; and (7) recommendations on other communication approaches to inform decision-makers of the research agenda.
STATUS: Research underway.