The Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA’s) Enhanced Mobility of Seniors & People with Disabilities Program (49 U.S.C. 5310) offers resources to improve mobility for seniors and persons with disabilities through the removal of transportation service barriers and the expansion of transportation service choices. Throughout the years, many State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) have increased the number of individual 5310 sub-grantees; for example, Ohio has over 250, 5310 sub-grantees. As the requirements for this program have changed over time, states are finding it increasingly difficult to manage a large number of sub-grantees. It might be in the states’ interest to limit 5310 sub-grantees to a smaller, manageable number or adopt other practices to make their oversight and assistance to their subgrantees more less demanding and more effective. In addition, with changes under MAP-21, Section 5310 funds for large urban areas are now being granted to urban transit agencies and/or MPOs many of whom have did not have significant experience in managing sub-grantees.
The objective of the research is to identify best practices used by Section 5310 recipients, including State DOTs, MPO and urban transit agencies, to effectively manage their Section 5310 sub-grantees, including but not limited to efforts to reduce the total number of sub-grantees. Included in the research results should be (a) the number sub-grantees per state, and (b) identification of best practices that have led to a well-structured program and (c) efforts that have been taken to limit or reduce the number of 5310 sub-grantees and the results of those efforts.
The research will help Section 5310 recipients with similar demographics to learn and implement new 5310 program management approaches. It will also inform the America Public Transportation Association (APTA), Community Transportation Association of America (CTAA), on the direction (or future) of the Section 5310 programs.
The final report is available as NCHRP Research Results Digest 403.