The National Academies

ACRP 11-01/Topic 10-04 [Final]

Updated Survey of Laws and Regulations Applicable to Airport Commercial Ground Transportation
[ ACRP 11-01 (Legal Aspects of Airport Programs) ]

  Project Data
Funds: $40,000
Research Agency: Carlos Sun
Principal Investigator: Carlos Sun
Effective Date: 11/1/2018
Completion Date: 5/15/2020

Commercial ground transportation at United States airports includes public transit, door-to-door shuttle van service, charter buses, limousines, rental cars, taxicabs, hotel courtesy shuttles, wheel chair services, and courier operators. In recent years, technological developments, such as transportation network companies (TNCs, e.g., Uber and Lyft), car-sharing operations (e.g., Turo), and driverless cars, have added more options and more challenges for airport ground transportation operations. These ground transportation carriers may be governed by state/local statutes and ordinances and/or airport contracts and be required to comply with myriad federal, state, and local rules and regulations. Technological innovations such as GPS, geo-fencing capabilities, web-based apps, digital fee transactions, etc. have raised new issues for airports to address. 

Since the security status of any United States airport is subject to change without advance notice, directives issued, e.g. with respect to designated loading and unloading areas, amount of time allowed for vehicles to stand or dwell at curbside, etc. may be altered by law enforcement personnel, federal Transportation Security Administration officers, or airport emergency safety personnel at any time. Local regulations may also contain penalty and enforcement provisions and grievance procedures, which vary in detail depending on the size, use, and individual characteristics of the subject airport.

Previous guidance, ACRP LRD 3: Survey of Laws and Regulations of Airport Commercial Ground Transportation was published in 2008, however, it did not  address new technologies and changes related to ground transportation operations. This legal digest builds on ACRP LRD 3 and synthesizes available guidance, including regulations, statutes, policies, and case decisions (administrative or court) pertaining to commercial ground transportation. The digest includes an updated survey of federal, state, and local commercial ground transportation statutes, ordinances, rules and regulations, with extensive examples of each. The digest also includes a summary of litigation, sample permits and contracts and will be an important resource for airport administrative and legal staff.

Published as LRD 39

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