Building information modeling (BIM) began as a tool used by architects to design facilities. It is defined as a digital representation of a facility’s physical and functional characteristics and can be used as a shared knowledge resource for information about the facility. There is an opportunity to leverage the information for operations and maintenance, as well as other enterprise functions, which will allow for a comprehensive facility management system.
When updated during construction, BIM generates as-built data that can be useful once the facility has been constructed. That data can be used in a computerized maintenance management system (CMMS) or other asset management system. It can also, for example, ensure more accurate as-builts, be used for planning renovations of existing facilities, and for a more efficient management of utility shutdowns.
The cost benefit of using BIM for design has been well documented so architecture and engineering firms will continue to use it. The cost benefit of using it post-design has yet to be determined. As a facility owner and user of design services, airports need to understand how BIM can be used and be scaled for various sized construction projects, renovations, and facility management. ACRP Synthesis 70: Building Information Modeling for Airports provides a broad overview of BIM. However, little research has been done for airports on how to leverage and implement BIM into the broader enterprise.
The objective of this research is to develop guidance for evaluating the business case of and implementing BIM.