States and local jurisdictions have enacted and implemented various forms of airport height, hazards, and land-use compatibility zoning laws to varying degrees. The purpose of these laws is to ensure airport viability and safety while allowing appropriate community development. Nationally, the effectiveness and performance of these laws have not been systematically evaluated and measured.
The objective of the research is to evaluate the effectiveness of the various zoning laws that pertain to height, hazards, and land-use compatibility around general aviation airports and their surrounding communities.
The report should address the following issues at a minimum:
Definition of what is considered an “effective” zoning law and why;
- Comparison of airports and their community’s perspective on the effectiveness of existing zoning;
- Evaluation of state and local zoning and/or other laws and regulations;
- Comparison of airports with and without zoning laws to protect airports;
- Lessons learned in ensuring and establishing effective zoning; and
- Up to a 4-page brochure that can stand alone that lists the attributes of effective zoning that airport managers can use when working with their community.
The research plan should include appropriate interim deliverables that include at a minimum for ACRP review and approval:
- Data collection plan: include a mix of rural and metropolitan airports and communities, and size and level of airport (as described in the FAA ASSET report) that are geographically diverse; and
- Interim report that discusses and analyzes the work done to date, provides an annotated outline for the report, and an updated work plan.
STATUS: The research is underway.