TCRP has completed two important research reports that address park-and-ride services for public transportation. TCRP Report 153: Guidance for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations and TCRP Report 95: Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes, Chapter 3: Park-and-Ride/Pool (see Special Note A). Additional research is needed to develop improved strategies and practices to plan new facilities and manage existing park-and-ride facilities for public transportation Public transportation agencies and the communities they serve seek to “right-size” park-and-ride facilities. Under-sized parking facilities may discourage travelers from using public transportation or lead to spillover parking in nearby neighborhoods, resulting in complaints from residents. Over-sized parking facilities represent resources that could be better allocated elsewhere. Improved methods to estimate park-and-ride demand and establish parking capacity would help avoid these suboptimal outcomes and provide important benefits to public transportation agencies, passengers, and local communities. There are a range of concerns regarding the management of park-and-ride facilities for public transportation that need to be addressed, as well as opportunities that should be explored for introducing new technologies and innovation. Questions often arise regarding whether and how much to charge for parking at public transportation park-and-ride facilities; how to fund park-and-ride services; whether to expand existing or build new parking or use transportation demand management (TDM) strategies; how to respond to market changes; and how to work effectively with communities and stakeholders. The utilization of available parking may be improved and customers may be better served through the use of evolving technologies. Planners and managers of park-and-ride services for public transportation will benefit from a research product that presents strategies and practices targeted to their needs.
The objective of this research is to develop a decision-making toolbox to better plan and manage park-and-ride facilities for public transportation.