The National Academies

NCHRP IDEA 20-30/IDEA 085 [Completed (IDEA)]

Waterproofing Concrete Highways
[ NCHRP 20-30 (NCHRP-IDEA) ]

  Project Data
Staff Responsibility: Dr. Inam Jawed

This project evaluated the concept of waterproofing concrete using soybean oil-based phosphate ester polyol (SOPEP) formulations and the effect of these additives on the physicomechanical properties of fresh and hardened concrete. A number of SOPEP formulations and concentrations for optimum performance in concrete were evaluated through a series of laboratory tests. The different formulations affected mixing and dispersion in concrete differently. They also exhibited the properties of air entraining, water reducing, set retarding and workability additives, producing reduced slump, reduced water requirement, and increased strength of concrete. Water absorption tests using 2% SOPEP showed a decrease of only about 7% in water absorption by the concrete indicating the need for higher dosages for waterproofing concrete. The effect of phosphate on oil absorption and dispersion in concrete was also investigated. Results show the potential of SOPEP dispersions as suitable concrete curing compounds and that of polymerized SOPEP as inexpensive polymers for polymer modified concrete. However, additional research is needed to improve the concrete waterproofing ability of SOPEP formulations.  The final report is available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS # PB2004-103339).
The final report for this IDEA project can be found at:

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