The National Academies

NCHRP IDEA 20-30/IDEA 057 [Completed (IDEA)]

Landslide Stabilization Using Wick Drains
[ NCHRP 20-30 (NCHRP-IDEA) ]

  Project Data
Staff Responsibility: Dr. Inam Jawed

This project investigated the use of horizontal wick drains to stabilize slopes and landslides (Figure 1). Several landslide sites, identified with the assistance of the Missouri and Colorado DOTs and the Colorado Geological Survey, were stabilized by wick drains and monitored. The field experience led to several improvements in the design and installation of wick drains. Additional landslides were stabilized in Colorado and the experience led to further improvements in the installation process. The landslides were monitored for water levels as well as for slope and roadway movements. Simulation and interpretation of rainfall at the test embankment were accomplished and guidelines for wick layout were developed. The results showed that wick drainage was highly dependent on hydraulic conductivity of shallow soil and that drains significantly lowered the water table and reduced soil settlement. For example, at one of the Colorado sites, the wick drains lowered the water table by 15 feet. Tests were completed on the effect of soil permeability on drainage and on the clogging of wick drains. Field trials in additional states are being conducted. A video illustrating the technique for wick drain installation and use has been prepared and is available for instructional purposes. The principal investigator has set up a web page that describes and updates the IDEA project activities and illustrates the wick installation process (https://www.umr.edu/~))psanti/wick.htmlThe final report is available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS # PB2002-103444).

The final report for this IDEA project can be found at:

To create a link to this page, use this URL: http://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=2028