The National Academies

NCHRP IDEA 20-30/IDEA 050 [Completed (IDEA)]

Adaptation of Intrinsically Damping Fillers for Suppression of Bridge Stay Cable
[ NCHRP 20-30 (NCHRP-IDEA) ]

  Project Data
Staff Responsibility: Dr. Inam Jawed

This project developed and evaluated damper systems for suppression of bridge stay cable vibrations. Three damping approaches—a tuned-mass damper (TMD), a liquid damper, and wrapping cable with damping tape were tested using various grout mixes and cable models. In addition, a concept based on cable guide pipe filled with polyurethane material was also evaluated. The latex grout improved damping by about 60 percent as compared to the conventional grout. Use of neoprene washers also improved the damping significantly. However, neither of these improvements was adequate to control rain-wind vibrations based on current criteria. Use of a damping tape on the outside surface of the cable produced no significant improvement. The results show the tuned-mass damper (TMD) system, which can be applied anywhere along the length of the cable, to be the most cost-effective temporary or long-term solution to the rain-wind vibration problem (Figure 1). A follow-on project for field evaluation and implementation of the technology has been approved by the NCHRP-IDEA Project Committee. The final report is available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS # PB2000-15409).


The final report for this IDEA project can be found at:

To create a link to this page, use this URL: http://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=2022