This project explored the feasibility of using asphalt emulsion as a low-cost replacement for latex in portland cement concrete for highway applications. Research results showed that addition of emulsion reduced the workability and compressive and flexural strengths of concrete as compared with conventional concrete. The addition of emulsion also increased the amount of entrained air in concrete, which partly accounted for the strength reduction. The asphalt-modified concrete, however, showed excellent freeze-thaw durability (Figure 1). Moist curing appeared to have a better effect on strength development than air curing. Tests also showed that using pozzolanic materials (fly ash or silica fume) in combination with asphalt emulsion significantly reduced the chloride permeability of mortars.
Additional research and field evaluation are needed for the implementation of this product for highway applications. The final report is available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS # PB95-267704).
The final report for this IDEA project can be found at: