The National Academies

NCHRP IDEA 20-30/IDEA 002 [Completed (IDEA)]

Development of a Method for Measuring Water Stripping Resistance of Asphalt-Siliceous Aggregate Mixtures
[ NCHRP 20-30 (NCHRP-IDEA) ]

  Project Data
Staff Responsibility: Dr. Inam Jawed

This project developed techniques to assess the stripping resistance of asphalts on siliceous aggregates. The first technique, in situ measurement of the water layer at the asphalt/aggregate interface, is a nondestructive, quantitative technique based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in the multiple internal reflection mode (FTIR-MIR). In this technique, water reaching the asphalt/siliceous aggregate interface is detected by the evanescent wave, which is produced by the total internal reflection of the infrared radiation (Figure 1). This technique provides information on the stripping of asphalt at the molecular level. The second technique relies on the use of a pneumatic pull-off adhesion tester combined with a porous stub that allows water to migrate through the asphalt film to the asphalt/aggregate interface. This reliable and easy to use method provided a rapid laboratory and field test for the water-stripping resistance of asphalt on aggregates.
A number of asphalts from the SHRP Materials Reference Library were used in this investigation. A correlation between bond strength and the amount or thickness of the water layer at the asphalt-aggregate interface was established and formed the basis for a nondestructive test based on FTIR-MIR for determining the water stripping resistance of asphalt-siliceous aggregate mixtures. The concept has proven feasible but the technique is limited to laboratory examination of field samples. The final report is available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS # PB96-197249).

The final report for this IDEA project can be found at:

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