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The National Academies

NCHRP Synthesis 20-05/Topic 27-16 [Final (Synthesis)]

Applications of GPS for Surveying and Other Positioning Needs in Departments of Transportation
[ NCHRP 20-05 (Synthesis of Information Related to Highway Practices) ]

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This synthesis will be of interest to both administrative and technical personnel in departments of transportation (DOTs), especially in the areas of surveying, mapping, transportation planning, environmental impact assessment, design, construction control, maintenance, operations, vehicle location, and other functions that require accurate location data. This report will be useful for intermodal transportation analyses and for measurement and positioning data for inventories and geographic information systems (GIS). It can also be useful to suppliers and developers of Global Positioning System (GPS) equipment. This report of the Transportation Research Board presents a description of GPS, the major components, basic geodesy principles, how GPS functions, and how it can be applicable to the data and analysis requirements of transportation agencies. The anticipated cost effectiveness of GPS in terms of personnel, equipment, and time as related to the improved accuracies to be derived from GPS applications are described. Current and more advanced applications of GPS by DOTs to different transportation modes are presented. The report also includes a glossary of terms and a listing of GPS information sources.  The report for this topic can be purchased at http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=3299

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