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The National Academies

TCRP H-01 [Completed]

An Evaluation of the Relationships Between Transit and Urban Form

  Project Data
Funds: $600,000
Research Agency: Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Samuel Seskin
Effective Date: 6/10/1993
Completion Date: 3/31/1996

TCRP Report 16 will be of interest to a broad cross section of individuals involved in transportation and land-use planning and development. The research addressed many facets of the relationships between land use and public transportation. These relationships are re-examined, explained, evaluated, and documented to facilitate cost-effective multimodal public transportation investment decisions.

A large number of factors influence the physical and functional form of urbanized areas. These factors include population growth, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, availability of infrastructure, effectiveness of transportation systems, terrain and geographic constraints, economic and market forces, planning and land-use initiatives, political and institutional issues, and legal precedents. Other pressing realities include environmental concerns, need to provide public services under fiscal constraints, and social problems associated with abandonment of central cities. A common belief is that transit can influence the form and function of urban areas. It is therefore important to understand the relationships between specific urban development patterns, the levels of service offered by transit, the demand for the service, and the effect on personal travel behavior.

Six reports were produced by the research team. A decision was made by the project panel to publish four of the six reports in the regular TCRP series. TCRP Report 16 includes two volumes, which each contain two reports:

"Volume 1. Part I: Transit, Urban Form, and the Built Environment: A Summary of Knowledge," and "Part II: Commuter and Light Rail Transit Corridors: The Land Use Connection"; and

"Volume 2. Part III: A Guidebook for Practitioners," and "Part IV: Public Policy and Transit-Oriented Development: Six International Case Studies."

TCRP Report 16, "Volume 1. Part I: Transit, Urban Form, and the Built Environment: A Summary of Knowledge, and Part II: Commuter and Light Rail Transit Corridors: The Land Use Connection," is available in portable document format (PDF). Double-click on the files below to access the report. (A free copy of the Adobe Acrobat Reader is available at http://www.adobe.com.) PLEASE NOTE: Because of the very large size of these files, it may take a long time--possibly more than 1 hour collectively--to download. We regret the inconvenience.

TCRP Report 16, Volume 1, Part 1

TCRP Report 16, Volume 1, Part 2

TCRP Report 16, Volume 2, Part 3

TCRP Report 16, Volume 2, Part 4

The two reports that were prepared for this project but that were not published are available on loan from the TCRP. Their titles are (1) Mode of Access and Catchment Areas for Rail Transit and (2) Influence of Land Use Mix and Neighborhood Design on Transit Demand.

This project also produced TCRP Research Results Digest 7, which is available in portable document format (PDF). Double-click on the file below to access the RRD. (A free copy of Adobe Acrobat reader is available at http://www.adobe.com.)


TCRP Research Results Digest 7

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